Before you begin landscaping and planting around your home it is best to know some basic botany terms.
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- Botany – The science of plants. A branch of biology dealing with plant life.
- Annual – Living only one growing season. A plant that matures and dies in one season. Typically sensitive to frost.
- Perennial – A plant having a life cycle lasting more than two years.
- Biennial – Plant that completes it normal life in two years. Typically a biennial produces fruit/vegetable one season, flowers the next season, and then dies. For examples: parsley, beets and winter wheat
- Bulb – Subterranean (underground) globular bud. This underground storage component for plants contains the stem covered with scales where fleshy leaves emerge from the ground. Tulips are a good examples of bulbs.
- Rhizome – Rootlike and fleshy underground stem that spreads horizontally under the surface. Rhizomes are the storage place for the plant’s food material and sends up shoots through the surface. Iris are a good example of rhizome.
- Tuber – Fleshy and usually oblong or round structure. The underground branches of a tuber become swollen due to storage of food material. Potato is a good example of a tuber.
- Deciduous – Trees or shrubs that shed their leaves annually. Typically, plants that loses their leaves in the winter or at a stage of growth.
- Defoliation – The process where plants drop all their foliage (leaves).
- Evergreen – Tree, shrub etc., that has green leaves throughout the year and do not shed foliage after completely formed. Green year-round.
- Drought Tolerance – A plan that is capable of surviving and thriving with very little water.
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