Botany Brief – do you know these terms?

Before you begin landscaping and planting around your home it is best to know some basic botany terms.

Do you know what type of structure is shown above? Can you name the species? Go to our Facebook page for answers.

  • Botany – The science of plants. A branch of biology dealing with plant life.
  • Annual – Living only one growing season. A plant that matures and dies in one season. Typically sensitive to frost.
  • Perennial – A plant having a life cycle lasting more than two years.
  • Biennial – Plant that completes it normal life in two years. Typically a biennial produces fruit/vegetable one season, flowers the next season, and then dies.  For examples: parsley, beets and winter wheat
  • Bulb – Subterranean (underground) globular bud. This underground storage component for plants contains the stem covered with scales where fleshy leaves emerge from the ground. Tulips are a good examples of bulbs.
  • Rhizome – Rootlike and fleshy underground stem that spreads horizontally under the surface. Rhizomes are the storage place for the plant’s food material and sends up shoots through the surface. Iris are a good example of rhizome.
  • Tuber – Fleshy and usually oblong or round structure. The underground branches of a tuber become swollen due to storage of food material.  Potato is a good example of a tuber.
  • Deciduous – Trees or shrubs that shed their leaves annually. Typically, plants that loses their leaves in the winter or at a stage of growth.
  • Defoliation – The process where plants drop all their foliage (leaves).
  • Evergreen – Tree, shrub etc., that has green leaves throughout the year and do not shed foliage after completely formed. Green year-round.
  • Drought Tolerance – A plan that is capable of surviving and thriving with very little water.

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